Most people will experience back pain at least once in their lifetime. Most of the time the pain is in the lower back (lumbar) because that is the region that takes most of the weight when a body is in motion. Back sprain are due to the ligaments (they are very tough and hold the bones together) are stretched beyond their normal length or are torn. Back strain attach to the muscle/tendon. A back strain or sprain can occur with exertive exercises whether it is twisting, turning or doing any movement in the back repetitively for prolonged periods of time.
Such movement and the associated position causes soft tissues to be inflamed which in turn will cause muscle spasms which will be painful. The pain can continue for weeks to months and can become even more chronic eventually. The types of muscles that help with spine support include: back and gluteal muscles (extensors), abdominal and iliopsoas muscles (flexors), and obliques or rotators which are on the side. Your movement in various positions can become restricted because of the muscle pain or muscle stiffness that could develop. Your ability stand straight and normal day to day posture would be affected with muscle spasms.
Make sure to call your Doctor if the pain does not go away after 5-6 weeks, or earlier. Diagnostic testing is required when the pain does not go away. When you do call your doctor he/she will want start at least with an X-ray to rule out any fractures, etc. More invasive diagnostic testing such as CT scan (computerized tomography), or an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) can be used to examine the vertebrae, nerve roots, joints, spinal cord. Early diagnosis is an ideal way to prevent chronic pain. With back pain it is important to keep on moving because staying in non mobile position could decrease muscle loss and strength. Your Doctor can offer to you non steroidal anti inflammatory treatment, muscle relaxers, pain medication and/or referral to physical therapy. Physical therapy includes exercises that focus on the ‘core’ abdominal musculature that includes strengthening, stretching. The patient is provided with home exercises, stretches which can also be incorporated into a sports center program as well. Other forms of medicine include acupuncture and/or biofeedback. Make sure to use good posture at your work and you can ask for a ergonomics evaluation to be completed at your work station. Make sure that at work you take breaks and stretch and that you sit upright with back and shoulders against back of a chair, feet firmly flat, desk that is stable, keyboard should be tilted down and away from you. After work exercises that would include swimming, stationary biking, walking, yoga and/or pilates are ideal for keeping a strong core. Make sure to have an ideal weight, do not smoke and keep a health mind with stress reduction.